Overview of the Kenya National AIDS Strategic Plan (KNASP) 2009/10-2012/13
The National AIDS Control Council (NACC) is the mandated body to coordinate the multi-sectoral response to HIV and AIDS in Kenya. Strategic planning for HIV has proved to be an invaluable way for NACC to plan and strategize on relevant sustainable and cost effective interventions.
The Kenya National AIDS Strategic Plan 2009/10-2012/13 (KNASP III) was developed in 2009 following emerging evidence from the Modes of Transmission Study (MoT, 2008) which identified key drivers of new infections, Kenya Demographic and Health Survey (KDHS 2008/9) which showed prevalence plateau at 6.3%, and a strategic review of its predecessor KNASP II that identified key gaps and challenges that led to non-achievement of established targets.
This plan’s emphasis is on effectively responding to the evidence base and providing coordinated, comprehensive, high quality combination of prevention, treatment, and care services. In order to provide Universal Access to essential services, strategic decisions are required to prioritize interventions that realize maximum efficiency gains and optimal progress towards the expected results. Under KNASP III, the following four impact results will be achieved by 2013:
This strategic plan has been organized around three main channels to support its implementation. These are, Health sector HIV service delivery, Sectoral HIV mainstreaming, and Community Based HV programming. In addition, a new streamlined robust National Management and accountability structure has been put in place through the Governance and Strategic information role within the National AIDS Control Council.
The framework is guided by the “Three Ones” principles: one agreed AIDS Action framework (KNASP III), one National HIV coordinating authority (NACC), and one agreed country-level M&E system. The goal of the framework is to guide collection, analysis, use and dissemination of information to track progress and inform decision making processes in all HIV interventions in Kenya. The new KNASP III was developed through engagement of all stakeholders, with 58% of them being from Civil Society Organizations and private sector, 33% from Government National and regional levels and 9% from Development Partners and their agencies.