TOTAL WAR AGAINST HIV AND AIDS (TOWA)
TOWA stands for Total War against AIDS derived from the declaration by his Excellency the President in 2003 when he declared total war against HIV and AIDS at community level. This is a follow up project of a world bank funded initiative started in 2000. It is a four year project which is about supporting African countries to implement their strategic plans and therefore deriving the name Multi-sectoral HIV and AIDS Projects (MAPs). The project is supported by the World Bank and DFID with a total funding of US $113 million and counter part funds of US $ 2 million this gives it a grand total of US $ 115 million.
The broad development objective of the TOWA project is to assist Kenya to expand the coverage of targeted HIV and AIDS prevention and mitigation interventions through:
- Sustaining the improved institutional performance of the NACC
- Supporting the implementation of the KNASP
The project is designed to be an integral part of the implementation of the KNASP and it consists of two main components. These are:
- Strengthening governance and coordination capacity which supports the continued development of the coordination function of NACC and the M&E framework of KNASP. This component consists of four other subcomponents which includes:
- Strategic leadership
- Accountability and verification
- Evidence based management
- Capacity building of implementing partners
This component accounts for 30% of the project fund
2. Support for programme implementation
This component will make financial resources available to civil society, public sector, private sector and research institutions focusing on initiatives in line with KNASP. This component accounts for 70% of the funds and consists of three sub-components. Namely:
In this sub-component civil society organizations, private sector and research institutions are supported to implement proposals developed to implement KNASP inline with a mechanism called Call for Proposals (CFP). During the four year period of the project Call for Proposal will be made twice for civil society, the private sector and research institutions to develop proposals to be supported by the project. US $53 million has been allocated for this initiative.
Mainstreaming public sector programme
This sub-component provides support to mainstreaming HIV and AIDS within the public sector response and accounts for US $8 million. The support emphasises external mainstreaming and interventions designed by the sectors within their medium-term expenditure framework (MTF), budgets and annual work plans. This sub-component supports only six sectors namely:
- Agriculture including livestock development, fisheries and cooperative and development
- Transport (including roads and public works)
- Education (including Ministry of Higher Education, Science and Technology, Teachers Service Commission and Commission for Higher Education)
- Health both medical services and Public Health and Sanitation
- Governance, Justice, Law and Order (GJLOS) including (administration police, the judiciary, the Attorney general and the Ministry of Justice and Constitutional Affairs.
- Ministry of State for Public Service (formerly the DPM)
This sub- component supports the procurement of essential commodities required in the National response against HIV and AIDS. It accounts for US $20 million and supports the procurement of impregnated bed nets, condoms and TB drugs.
PROGRESS ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROJECT
The Towa project became effective in March 2008 implying that Kenya could access credit made available by the project. To date the following is the progress on the implementation of the project.
- Capacity building
Stake holders are trained on proposal development and implementation in line with the TOWA project in particular all Constituency AIDS Control Committees Coordinators (CACC) and District Development Officers (DDO) who are District Technical Committee Coordinators.
2. Agencies on accountability and verifications are hired. These include the Financial Management agency (FMA), Independent Compliance Verification Agency (ICVA), Independent Performance Audit (PMA), Independent Procurement Agency (PA) and the Kenya National Audit Office (KNAO).
3. A Strategic Review of KNASP II has been carried out and subsequent development of KNASP III.
I. Grant Award
Under the mechanism of Call for Proposal Round 1 was launched in December 2007 inviting 747 proposals and only 707 were successful.
Under the mechanism of Call for Proposal Round 2 NACC set aside a total of KSH. 861,700,000 for the TOWA Round 2 Call for Proposals for Constituency, District and National level. For an update as at January 2011, click here
II. Public Sector Mainstreaming
Currently 9 out of 19 public sector entities are being supported in mainstreaming HIV and AIDS.